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Lozenges, mouthwashes and gargles

Abstract

Lozenges are flavoured preparations intended to be sucked or held in the mouth, gradually releasing drugs into the saliva to act in the mouth and pharynx. They may contain antibiotics, antiseptics, local anaesthetics, corticosteroids, astringents, aromatics or demulcents or combinations of these. Some of these preparations in their various combinations are listed in the table. Gargles and mouthwashes usually contain an antiseptic, and sometimes an astringent as well. Most of the preparations are available without prescription, and some are advertised to the public.

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