Chronic simple (open-angle) glaucoma is an insidious disease, commonest in the elderly, characterized by a rise in intraocular pressure, cupping of the optic discs and defects in the visual fields. It may lead to blindness if untreated. The disease should be suspected in anyone with pale or cupped optic discs. First-degree relatives of patients with glaucoma have an increased risk of developing glaucoma and should be screened by an ophthalmologist or ophthalmic optician every few years after the age of 35. Other forms of glaucoma are discussed in the current Prescribers’ Journal.
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