Relevant BNF section: BNF 220.127.116.11
Patients with calcium concentrations above 3mmol/L typically start to develop symptoms of hypercalcaemia, which can include nausea, vomiting, thirst and polyuria, malaise, confusion, lowered pain threshold and coma.1 Milder hypercalcaemia (calcium concentrations <3mmol/L) is often asymptomatic, and the problem is therefore usually discovered as an incidental finding on routine biochemical screening. Primary hyperparathyroidism is a common cause of hypercalcaemia.1 Here, we consider the recognition and further management of patients presenting with asymptomatic primary hyperparathyroidism in primary care.
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