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Prophylaxis for endocarditis


Infective endocarditis is still a serious condition – around 15% of patients die despite treatment. Antibacterial prophylaxis has therefore long been recommended when a procedure likely to be accompanied by bacteraemia is undertaken in a patient known to be at risk from endocarditis.1 This article reviews recent changes in prophylactic regimens, which affect general practitioners, hospital doctors and dentists alike.

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