Relevant BNF sections: 4.3.1, 6.5.2, 7.4.2
Bedwetting (nocturnal enuresis) is common among school-aged children, with around one in six 5-year-olds, and at least one in fifty 7-year-old boys and one in a hundred 7-year-old girls, wetting the bed more than once a week.1,2 Moreover, in some children, the problem can persist, with around 0.8% of girls and 1.6% of boys aged 15-16 years wetting at least once every 3 months.3 The condition can affect the child's self-esteem, and may lead to teasing or bullying, reduced social interactions and behavioural problems.4,5 The frequent changing and washing of bedding and night-clothes can place an additional workload and financial burden on the family.1,6 Parents may become intolerant of the situation, and this may even lead to physical punishment of the child.4,6,7 Here we review the primary-care management of children with bedwetting.
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