Relevant BNF section: C 9.6
In recent years, the prevalence of vitamin D (calciferol) deficiency has increased and rickets has re-emerged in the UK and other developed countries as a public health problem.1–3 Infants, toddlers and adolescents in 'at risk' ethnic minorities (e.g. Asian, African Caribbean and Middle Eastern) are particularly likely to be vitamin D-deficient or to have rickets.1,4–6 Also at particular risk are babies and toddlers who have been exclusively breast-fed during infancy without receiving vitamin supplements,7 or whose mothers did not have vitamin D supplements during pregnancy.8 Here we discuss the management of children with primary vitamin D deficiency (i.e. that due to nutrient deficiency).
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